ISSN: 1994-4721

Author : Prof. Dr. Tawfeeq Al-Hajaj, Asst.

Kitab Al-Manahij (Al-Muqana'a Al-Aneesa Wal-Mughaniya An-Nafeesa).

Asst. Prof. Dr. Tawfeeq Al-Hajaj; Lect. Dr. Qassim Khalaf Al-Sikeini

Basra studies journal, Volume 15, Issue 1994, Pages 1-87

The book(Almanahij)or (Almuqnia'a Alaneesa and Almugnia'a Alnafeesa)for Muhathib Aldin Albasry ,one of the scientists of the Basrah in the eleventh century A H ,he was alive in the year (1090) AH .the book was a book in scince of knowledge , a study in speech and speakers (alsonna alnabauia (.
Muhathib Aldin Albasry (Ahmed bin Abd alrutha ) was scirntist participated in variable knowledgement sciences , he had science travels to the east of Islamic countries ( Iran and India )and utilized in teaching and composing ,it has been mentiond who had translated for him from sciences , was one of his students (Akher Alamly )who had authorization from him in telling the Prophet speech . Muhathib Aldin Albasry distigueshed by a very different style in writing his compositions specially the book that we are describing ( Almanahij ),its sections are very accurate depends on several resources that he mentions with authors' names … and the predominant is (the twelvthors faith )and he chose the word (manhaj ) not (chapter ) in splitting between sections ' as the authors were doing . so that the book is called (Almanahij ). Muhathib Aldin Albasry was not the firs who discovered this style , there were scientists preceeded him like (Bin Abd Rabah) in his book (Alaqd Alfareed ) , he divided its sections and chose the words (dur ) , (lulu) and (almarjan (
And for the need of the Islamic library to introduce to scientists who their compositions still written neither described nor printed yet to be in the hands of the readers to know the opinions and style or commentment or records what is knew that may change the idea or theory that the people had , and may correct some aspects that the scientsts had to support some ideology or faith .