ISSN: 1994-4721

Volume 19, Issue 1994

Volume 19, Issue 1994, Autumn 2015, Page 1-262


Development of Educational Services at Abu Al-Khaseeb Tow

kaili; Asst. Prof. Dr. Adnan Inad G. Al-U; Searcher.Mohammad G. Salman AL-Ali

Basra studies journal, Volume 19, Issue 1994, Pages 1-34

Educational services is one of the basic services and an important pillar of social development and the focus of the wishes of the citizens and their importance has consistently private specialists and geographers to study everything related to this type of service.
The research focused on the development of these services in city of Abu Alkhaseeb with a retrogressive look to the emergence of the city and renamed as researcher interested in the genesis of the city and renamed through historical stages and focused attention on the origins and evolution of educational services Until the year 2012 .
As she was beginning the first of educational services is limited to religious education, or what is known as the (Koranic schools) until the appearance in his capacity as non-formal education at the opening of Mahmudiya School in 1895 and down to the beginnings of formal education in 1913, while government official opening of the school mentioned in the same year .
Then taking education development until the year 1968 in a horizontal and by opening several schools in the city . This development continued to horizontal in 1997.After this year and up to the year 2012 saw education in the city of Abu Alkhaseeb significant growth and a remarkable development as this expansion was expanded vertically, affecting the efficiency of educational services in the city where this development was a negative development because of the pressure on the school buildings.

The status of General Company for the fertilizer industry "South Region" In the province of Basrah and Its future

Lect. Sonia A. Wartan

Basra studies journal, Volume 19, Issue 1994, Pages 35-80

The chemical fertilizer industry is considered one of the leading industries because of its role in all life aspect , whether economic , social, or environmental , but its reality in Basrah refers to a declining in productivity , rising in costs , and a declining in revenue at minus has reached (- 10 .9%) for the years ( 2011-2012) and achieved a financial loss of ( 1, 518, 523 ID) in (2012) . The reason behind this status is due to economic and technical obstructions , therefore , the objective of this research is to identify the status of the General Company for the fertilizer Industry in Basrah and looking for the obstructions to prevent by putting an appropriate strategy for its rising.

The reality of air transport in Iraq... And his visions of the future with reference to the province of Basra

Asst Lecturer Seknah J. Faraj

Basra studies journal, Volume 19, Issue 1994, Pages 81-120

The air transport of the most important means of transport to enjoy the best means quickly able to reach farther distances in a short time can not be achieved other. transport vehicles, and comes the importance of the services provided by this area in terms of passenger and cargo, baggage and mail from one country to another and that led to facilitate transportation and increase links and international relations, which helped turn the deployment of civilization and all what is new from scientific innovation, and accounts for air transport in Iraq for about 75% of the total passenger traffic arriving and departing to and from Iraq, and serves to reduce the distances between countries. It is still way untapped actively in the movement of the flow of goods, and concentrated its activities on the passenger in Iraq in general and Basra in particular research aims to clarify the extent of evolution in air transport in Iraq and Basra province in particular, and the study concluded that there must be balance in the geographic distribution of air traffic has clearly focused at Baghdad International Airport of the total passenger traffic because of the restriction of movement in Basra airport by the airline and put only two flights a week. As well as improve the quality of services provided at airports and keep pace with global developments in the application of modern specifications and requirements in the field of civil aviation and meet the growing demand in other attractions.

Innovative attributes with educational counselors from the viewpoint of school directors

Assist. Prof. Dr Safaa Abdul-Zahra Aljamaan; Searcher. Douaa Ahmed Muttashar

Basra studies journal, Volume 19, Issue 1994, Pages 121-151

Through this research was to build a measure of the attributes and innovative researcher has distributed to school principals covered counseling education, where the results showed that obtained by a researcher through statistical methods (that counselors and girl scouts have tags innovative and also pointed to the lack of statistically significant differences between males and females in features innovative(

Assessment of the Drinking Water Quality Using R.O. Technology by Adopting Salinity Indicator in Basra City, Iraq

Lecturer .Dr. Shukri I. Al-Hassen; Asst.Lect Lecturer. Jassim J. Al-Samaani

Basra studies journal, Volume 19, Issue 1994, Pages 152-164

The importance of this study emerges from the recently increasing consumption of such waters at the study area. The present study aims to assess the quality of (R.O.) drinking water selling at Basra City, Iraq. The measuring included the salinity concentration of studied water samples, based on both the electrical conductivity (EC) and total dissolved solids (TDS). Forty-eight samples were collecting from different R.O. water supply stations distributed on 12 residential districts within Basra City. Laboratory testing had shown that there are insignificant variations in the levels of salinity for studied water samples. Despite the salinity concentrations for these water samples were in agreement with the WHO recommended standards, the growing consumption of R.O. waters is not be safe ever.

Factors Affecting the Evolution of Basra traders from 1st-3rd Century (A.H.), 7th-9th Century (A.D.)

Asst. Prof. Dr. Abdel Hakeem G. Al-Ka

Basra studies journal, Volume 19, Issue 1994, Pages 165-182

Several reasons and factors helped in the transformation of Basrah from just a primitive military camp into a big trading town and a main gate for Iraq to the world as a port. Some of these factors are related to the town characteristics and others are political, economical and sociological. This transformation helped Basrah to develop rapidly through its geographical location on Shatt Al-Arab connecting it to the Arabian Gulf beside its historic town –Al-Abullah- and its dominance on the terrestrial paths from the east to the west and vice versa. For the former reasons trading relationships expanded and an active layer of rich traders appeared, as well as a complicated trading foundations like markets, exchange, banks and developed insurance systems.

The Vocal Harmony – its Significance in Al-Quran, Surat Al-Haj as an example

Asst.Prof. Dr. Jassim Ghali Romy Al-Malki

Basra studies journal, Volume 19, Issue 1994, Pages 183-201

The vocal harmony is one of an important and vital factor in the study of the positions of voice in Al-Quran and the Arabic Language in particular. The vocal harmony through its different phenomenon leads to an effective role to reinforce the vocal form for the items of Al-Quran verse due to the joining of these voices together in one unit forming one word or a group of words in one perfect thought. These voices should be from different ways and should be harmonic and easy to be utterel.

Reading of Stories Narrated by Muhammed S. Ahmed (Now or after years) as a Mode

Lecturer Dr.Salam H. Resan

Basra studies journal, Volume 19, Issue 1994, Pages 202-230

Mohammed Saheel Ahmed , is an Iraqi writer who represented the third generation of the short story in Iraq and he has a great contributions in the Iraqi short story’s path. This study attempts to treat one series of the talent of this writer, however ; his second short story’s group ( Now Or After Years ) which had published in 2005 and had been chosen for this study because it represents the development of the style of this writer, after his first short stories' Collection (Eye and The window)which had published in 1985 It Was a long period The Writer has riched hes Writing experience : ( Form and Content ) and developed his ability in narrating The richness of the artistry experience mixed with life experience all that reflected –
positively – on his narrative art .

Religious Scholars in Basra: Muhammad Ameen Zainuddin , as a Model

Asst. Lecturer; Hussein Ali Mehdi

Basra studies journal, Volume 19, Issue 1994, Pages 231-262

In the Name of ALLah the Companionate the Merciful.
Thanks for ALLah and praying upon his prophet Mohammed and his good relatives.
AL-Basrah was and still a source of inspiration in many wai It was characterized by its education and knowledge touch . Many scientists, Artists and philosophers were born in this place . They were creative in their Fields and they enriched the libraries by their writin95of which were very impotant for writers and researchers.

One of the great writers was Al - sheikh Muhammed Ameen Zain AL-Deen. He was very significant scientist in religion and morals and thought activity. In addition to the previous qtlalities, He was well known Artist.
His writing reached AL-Bahrain and east area of AL-Suadia. I choosed this research of this writer to emphasize on his religious, educational thousht.
This paper includes:

1 . Summary of date and life of Al - sheikh.
2 . Some of his teachers and students.
3 .his issues.
4. what was said about him by the scientists.
5. his book “;alimate for Al - Takwa”.
6. General direchons for his educational and thought tendency.
Finally, I hope that I can manage to do something about the scientists and writers of Basrah.