ISSN: 1994-4721

Volume 17, Issue 1994

Volume 17, Issue 1994, Autumn 2014, Page 1-326


Iraq oil Among Three Scenarios

Asst.Prof.Dr Abdul Jabbar Abud Alhelfi

Basra studies journal, Volume 17, Issue 1994, Pages 1-21

منذ العام 1973 ولغاية هذا اليوم مرت أسواق النفط العالمية بتحولات جوهرية بحيث لم تعد النظرية الأقتصادية في العرض والطلب تعمل في هذه الاسواق بصورة تقليدية وإنما إستجدت عوامل أخرى منها جيو – سياسية ، وظاهرات مناخية . وتعرض قاعدة حرية السوق الى هزات عنيفة خاصة في منتصف العام 2008 . ولذلك لم تعد دراسات استشراف العرض والطلب والأسعار للنفط الخام ممكنة التحقيق بل أن معظمها إبتعد عن الصواب .
ولأن العراق مقبل على جعل طاقته الأنتاجية من النفط تصل الى 12 مليون ب/ ي في العام 2010 ، في ظل أسواق متقلبة فهناك أكثر من سيناريو يوضح امكانية أو عدم إمكانية استيعاب السوق النفطية للكميات الأضافية من نفط العراق ، خاصة وان بعض دول أوبك لديها مشروعات لتطوير طاقاتها الأنتاجية أيضاً مما يجعل العراق في وضع حرج خاصة وإنه قد وقع إتفاقية مع الشركات النفطية العالمية وأملت عليه التزامات تجاهها .
هذا البحث يناقش هذه القضية ويستعرض تكهنات نفط العراق والنفوط الاخرى لغاية سنة 2030 . وإنعكاسات ذلك كله على الاقتصاد العراقي . ويناقش الفقرات الآتية:
1- العوامل المؤثرة في الطلب على النفط .
2- سيناريوهات النفط العراقي .
3- الأستنتاجات والتوصيات .

Reality and future prospects for land transport(Trucking) in Iraq with reference to Basrah Governorate

Sekna Jehin Faraj

Basra studies journal, Volume 17, Issue 1994, Pages 22-59

إن النقل البري بالسيارات هو وسيلة مهمة يزداد الاعتماد عليها من سنةٍ إلى أخرى، ولعل السبب الواضح في زيادة الاعتماد عليها أو الحاجة إليها هو المرونة، والاستجابة العالية التي تتصف بها، لتلبية حاجات النقل سواء كان ذلك بالنسبة لنقل الأفراد أم البضائع، تعتبر الشر كة العامة للنقل البري إحدى مؤسسات وزارة النقل والتي تلعب دوراً مهماً في دعم الاقتصاد الوطني من خلال توفير الشاحنات في خدمة و دعم دوائر الدولة كافة، كما يساهم قطاع النقل في التنمية الاقتصادية من خلال ربط مناطق الإنتاج بمناطق الاستهلاك، وفي تأمين إنتقال الأفراد، ونقل المواد الخام ، والبضائع، من مناطق الإنتاج وإليها، كما إنه يعتبر عاملاً مساعداً في استثمار الموارد الطبيعية التي غالباً ما يتركز وجودها في مناطقٍ نائية . تهدف الدراسة الحالية إلى إلقاء الضوء على واقع الشر كة للنقل البري، والتعـرف على مساهمتها في نشاط نقل الركاب والبضائع في القطاع العام، ودور القطاع الخاص في مجال نقل الركاب في الاقتصاد العراقي .
جزء من هذه الدراسة ركّز على الآفاق المستقبلية للنقل البري في البصرة من إمكانيات وقوى عاملة وآليات وإيرادات ومصروفات والمشاكل التي تواجهه وبعض الخطوات التي يجب إتباعها من أجل الحد من المشاكل ولقد تم جمع البيانات من مصادر رسمية من خلال الزيارات الميدانية إلى الشركة العامة للنقل البري في البصرة ووثائقها .

The Prblem of Salt in Abu AL-K haseeb, its Dunser and the Way of Avoiding it

Asst.Lect. Ammar Abid AL- Raheem Hussein

Basra studies journal, Volume 17, Issue 1994, Pages 60-90

ان مشكلة الملوحة من المشكلات التي يعاني منها العراق ، وبشكل خاص في منطقة السهل الرسوبي والذي تعد منطقة الدراسة جزءا منه ، إذ تعد الملوحة تعد خطرا حقيقيا وعائقا يقف في وجه استمرارية الانتاج الزراعي في قضاء ابي الخصيب .
تهدف الدراسة الى توضيح اهم مؤشرات مخاطر تملح التربة في القضاء على الانتاج الزراعي فيه ، ووضع معالجات سريعة وواقعية للحد من اثار هذة المشكلة ، وقد تبين من خلال الدراسة أن هناك تقلصا وتدنيا واضحا في المساحات الزراعية والمزروعة فعلا ، كذلك وجود تغير نسبي في التركيب المحصولي للمحاصيل الزراعية ، وانخفاض في معدل غلة الدونم وفشل في زراعة فسائل النخيل مع تقلص واضح في أعداد المزروع منها وانتاجيتها ، كذلك اشار الباحث جملة من المعالجات التي يرى بأنها تساعد في حل هذه المشكلة في منطقة الدراسة .

He History of Maps in Basrah Governorate

Asst.Lect. Rehab Abid AL- Majeed Hameed

Basra studies journal, Volume 17, Issue 1994, Pages 91-118

This research dealt with the historical development in the preparation and mapping in the province of Basra. Where he was tracking the emergence of maps prepared for the province of Basra through history to the present time. The research is divided into pivotal two main axis I take the maps and their development through history and included three maps of the city of Basra represents its inception ,and another map with a market in the third and fourth century AH. The second addressed the maps and their development in the twentieth century, atheist and twenty- causes and the factors that led to the development of maps and included a set of maps drawn up for the province during that period in both, natural and human. Was to the Arabs the old tactics in the mapping in order to employ them in the areas of practical promise, especially in urban planning and determine the best locations to set up, and this is what actually happened in the selection of sites each of kufa and Mosul, Wasit and Baghdad, Samarra, and the(Basra) was a city location as required by the military situation that day and the twentieth century has witnessed a huge revolution in the manufacture of the maps. Has created two World Alalmytan – Btahedadathma real and potential over various points of the earth- the motives and urgent challenges of the new maps.The research has included maps of the province since the year 17 AH to 2009.

Geographical Abilities for Planting farm Pistachio in AL- Zubair

Lect .Dr. Ibraheem Ali AL-Issawu

Basra studies journal, Volume 17, Issue 1994, Pages 119-175

Al – Zubair District has a very significant geographical location that is simply because of its being to the Iraqi Governorates and Kuwait for on side its direct contact with the Gulf states through the Arab Gulf from another . Additionally , it has a wide area which composes more than half of the area of Basra Governorate . its soil can be classified under the sand mixture category which is considered as one of the most important soil types that suits the planting of peanut product . Also this kinds of soil qualified by the existence of ground water little bit low salt valid for planting such product The district has certain climate possibilities that suit the planting of peanut product from the degree of temperature and temperature unit gathered to increase the speed of growing and rippers of the product .
The district has paved land roads and railways that connect with the centre of the Basra city and the other Iraqi governorate , also they those road connect it with the Arab Gulf states . Additionally.

The Social Transformations in Basrah in the 1st Century (A.H.)/the 7th Century (A.D.)

Asst. Prof. Dr. Abdel-Hakeem Al-Ka

Basra studies journal, Volume 17, Issue 1994, Pages 176-201

The history of Basrah was – from its first establishment and during a long period of the first century (A.H.) – full of complications, violence, difficulties caused by crises and political and tribal wars, and the traditional conflict between the Bedouin members represented by the tribe and other invisible members and forces which helped in bringing the agreement and accord into the city. In the course of time, the victory was toward the civilized and settled way of life.
This research aims to reveal the stages of these social transformations and follow the transforming circumstances from the Bedouins to the civilization in one of the important Islamic cities, in fact, it is the first Arabic city which lives the experience of civilization and settledness outside the Arab Peninsula, in an important period of the human history and that is the 1st century (A.H.) which witnessed the appearance of Islam and the expanding of the Islamic state from China border to the middle of Europe

“The studyof theof factors of age and sex in the incidence of Tuberculosis in the province of Basra”

Asst.lecturer Sahera Hussein Zain AL-Thalbi

Basra studies journal, Volume 17, Issue 1994, Pages 202-230

Pulmonary tuberculosis can be considered to be a source of threat on the part of a great number of people for it is one of the infectious diseases from which both human beings and animals might possibly suffer a lot. This contagious disease may result from pollution in general and from malnutrition and chronic ventilation in particular. That is why the greatest majority of infection occurs among those living in places that lack health quality standards.
Being an industrial city, Basrah has made its population more ready for such a kind of infection. Basra environment has been polluted twice. First so many firms have been throwing their waste into the environment continually and second, the two successive gulf wars have brought damage to a large number of industrial factories with chemicals that have led to air pollution and chronic ventilation. Furthermore, the economic embargo can also be a cause of having this disease among the poor.
Apart from being a health issue, tuberculosis is a social, psychological and economic problem. This disease often spreads among the youths and adults who are well-prepared for getting married and forming new families. This disease prevents these young people from taking care of their households.
This study deals with certain aspects of the problem; namely, the ones of health consequences. It is a case study that concentrates on Basrah Governorate by taking a random sample from itsa Center for Tuberculosis. It is the center where 80% of the infections are often received. The percentage differences have been studied in relation to the two factors of sex and age.
It has been concluded that a high percentage of infection covered male subjects of 15-55 years of age. Of course, man can be most productive at this age.

Talk of Issa Bin Husham and the Arabic Modem Novel

Asst Prof.Dr. Aqeel Abid AL-Hussein Khalaf

Basra studies journal, Volume 17, Issue 1994, Pages 231-262

Research shows the most important features of the narrative of the novel in the Arab stage lead through a number of tests such as written early experience Ahmed Fares Chidiac and Khalil Khoury and Francis Marash and Farah Anton and Georgi Zidane Among those features of individualization and perspective and communicative and reset the memory. It also presents an addition to an Hadeth of Isa bin Hisham to those experiences to be a milestone in the context of the modern Arab narrative by discussing critical function and reconsider the perspective of representation.

The levels of Forming Time in the Poetry of Bashar Bin Burd

Asst Lect. Wijdan Sadiq Saddam; Asst Lect. Muataz Qusai Yaseen

Basra studies journal, Volume 17, Issue 1994, Pages 263-301

Based on this concept has touched on building levels of time in hair Bashar ibn Burd, and aims to determine the levels of time in the hair through the three levels is the order, duration and frequency. It also aims to highlight the relations of time, and how it relates to the spatial environment and the movement of the characters and events. The research reveals the poet's ability to recruit structural elements of the former by addressing some of the events of the poet experiences of emotional and social, which overlapped the times in his artistic aesthetic purposes.

Uuse Of College Of Arts library Of B.SC. Final Students In Basrah University

Asst Prof. Rabiha Kadhim Harib

Basra studies journal, Volume 17, Issue 1994, Pages 302-326

The study cared of the tools that were used by B.sc final students of Arts faculty University of Basrah to reach to information sources of the library and to know the most important difficulties and obstacles th students faced when used the library , to put the solutions that raised and develop the reality of the library . survey method was used in this study . Questionnaire about a study community that was amounted 165 female students as well as the interview that was done with the librarian The study reach to several important recomweudations . were as follows :
1- Its necessary for University to coordinate with the department of information and libraries (college of Arts) to teach the subject of Using of the library inorder to train the students of first year
2- Its necessary to provide the library with card indices that include indices of addresses and topiheads, in order to enable the student to reach correctly the information sources.