ISSN: 1994-4721

Volume 15, Issue 1994

Volume 15, Issue 1994, Autumn 2013, Page 1-354

Levels of Radioactivity emitted from some Military Wastes and Urban Soils at Basrah City, Southern Iraq

Shukri I. Al-Hassen; Rita S. Adam; Faris J.M. Al-Imarah

Basra studies journal, Volume 15, Issue 1994, Pages 1-16

This study was conducted and measurements have been carried out during 2009. It is aims to detect the levels of radioactivity emitted from some military wastes and scraps as well as soils from different sites at Basra city, Southern Iraq. Some destroyed targets, during the 2003 conflict, have been measured, in the field, by using a portable detector of LB-1200 type, while destroyed and undestroyed sites of soil samples have been measured, in the laboratory, by using detector Fluke victoreen type. The results have shown that radioactive emissions from destroyed military targets were high, which ranged from a minimum value of 0.11 – 0.13mr/h, to a maximum value of 13 – 14.5mr/h. While in undestroyed soil samples, the average concentration varied from a minimum value of 0.015mr/h, to a maximum value of 0.027mr/h. It was concluded that the average concentration of destroyed soil samples is higher than undestroyed samples which was reached to 0.6mr/h. By comparison with the background radiation level (0.008 – 0.011mr/h), the recorded values were higher. Despite there were some spots contaminated with radiation, but there are no acute radioactive contamination in Basra soil, except for limited spots.

Kitab Al-Manahij (Al-Muqana'a Al-Aneesa Wal-Mughaniya An-Nafeesa).

Asst. Prof. Dr. Tawfeeq Al-Hajaj; Lect. Dr. Qassim Khalaf Al-Sikeini

Basra studies journal, Volume 15, Issue 1994, Pages 1-87

The book(Almanahij)or (Almuqnia'a Alaneesa and Almugnia'a Alnafeesa)for Muhathib Aldin Albasry ,one of the scientists of the Basrah in the eleventh century A H ,he was alive in the year (1090) AH .the book was a book in scince of knowledge , a study in speech and speakers (alsonna alnabauia (.
Muhathib Aldin Albasry (Ahmed bin Abd alrutha ) was scirntist participated in variable knowledgement sciences , he had science travels to the east of Islamic countries ( Iran and India )and utilized in teaching and composing ,it has been mentiond who had translated for him from sciences , was one of his students (Akher Alamly )who had authorization from him in telling the Prophet speech . Muhathib Aldin Albasry distigueshed by a very different style in writing his compositions specially the book that we are describing ( Almanahij ),its sections are very accurate depends on several resources that he mentions with authors' names … and the predominant is (the twelvthors faith )and he chose the word (manhaj ) not (chapter ) in splitting between sections ' as the authors were doing . so that the book is called (Almanahij ). Muhathib Aldin Albasry was not the firs who discovered this style , there were scientists preceeded him like (Bin Abd Rabah) in his book (Alaqd Alfareed ) , he divided its sections and chose the words (dur ) , (lulu) and (almarjan (
And for the need of the Islamic library to introduce to scientists who their compositions still written neither described nor printed yet to be in the hands of the readers to know the opinions and style or commentment or records what is knew that may change the idea or theory that the people had , and may correct some aspects that the scientsts had to support some ideology or faith .

Sibawayh's object sentence on the basis of the two levels: the stable and the moveable

Lect. Dr. Anfal Nassir Talib

Basra studies journal, Volume 15, Issue 1994, Pages 88-150

The current paper deals with the sentence pattern that contains object in Sibawayh's Book. It focuses on the functional role of object presenting scholar's different views concerning its role in the sentence. Some of them consider object as a complement. Others emphasize its importance in speech and its semantic role in the sentence in expressing the pragmatic intentions completing intended meaning.

The present paper presents the functional roles of object in Sibawayh's by comparing the notions of complete speech and complement as far as subject, predicate, structure and position of object among complements are concerned. Moreover, it analyses the sentence pattern that contains object in the light of the moving and stable levels. It also presents the grammatical and semantic meaning as far as social correctness and impossibility are concerned. As far as the moving level I is concerned, the horizontal movement, viz. moving forward and backward, the vertical movement, viz. joining and positional movement, viz. ellipsis are dealt with.

Sibawayh's comprehensive approach appears when dealing with object and all the other subjects in his book. Thus, his book can be described as being descriptive, prescriptive, contextual, social, transformational and pragmatic. He uses each one of these factors in its appropriate position without focusing on one factor at the expense of the others.

The psychological motives in Bashar Bin Bord's satire

taz Qusay Yassin; Asst. Lect. Mu

Basra studies journal, Volume 15, Issue 1994, Pages 151-166

The research topic concerns spelling in the poetry of Bashar ibn Bard through Benefit from the principles and mechanisms of Psychology in the detection of the reasons
The underlying truth, which prompted the poet's ommitment to outrageous spelling Obscene in many of the poems his office so he counted one AlahjaeanFour in the Arab poetic heritage, The discussion dealt with the working relationship
Literary world of the unconscious and its role in the etection of oppressed concerns have emerged Across three levels of spelling had a psychological advantage to detect trends
The poet of a lot of spelling has been completed and the main results of the study Sources relied upon by the search

The jurisprudents and their political role in Ommiad State : Al-Hassan Al-Basri as an ensample

Ala; a Hassan Mardan As-Sabti; Asst. Lect

Basra studies journal, Volume 15, Issue 1994, Pages 167-193

The Jurists thought and political role In state Omeea".

The Jurists political study in omeea state, is from the subjects very sensitive, is consider that period time, it basis to emanate thought political tendency, was Jurist role great in this space, unavailable text historical in this affair, we center's to search with Hassan AL- basry personality, fames in the Islamic history. Is doing formal legal opinion, and is to make do to ruler .
Therefore we depend on this political picture, in lives of Jurist to clear his lives in Islamic state - omeea covenant- and relational situation with the ruler, and the people.

Random habitation problem in Basrah City: Geographical analytical study.

Asst. Prof. Dr. Salah Hashim Zgheir Al-Asadi

Basra studies journal, Volume 15, Issue 1994, Pages 194-222

The modern studies nowadays focus on discussing spatial phenomena which are interesting for the city geography field workers, and the most important phenomenon is the random habitation. This phenomenon is serious in most of the world cities, especially, the cities of the excrescence countries and Basrah is one of them; the city is incapable for offering the general services and the habitation in specific. In spite of the olden phenomenon in the city, it increased in the last time especially after the year 2003. After this year the habitants from different areas, especially from marshes, Basrah country sides, and other Governorates, have captured the country's land and built houses and commercial and industrial establishments which made the city of Basrah one of the biggest cities in Iraq in random habitation after the city of Baghdad. This phenomenon excreted many crises in all different services field, the researcher depended on the whole field survey for various city parts in his study. In addition to the statistical information that are available at the administrations that are concerned with the matter, such as the Governorate Board and the municipality and else of the concerned establishments. This study presents a noticeable phenomenon for its negative effects on the city and its habitants, and the deformed shape of the city beauty which already does not have many arranging sides that were arisen from different wars effects. This problem is the responsibility of everyone, because all those habitants need the attention and care, by helping them to create the safe and high living standard far from the temporary solution which does not contribute in finding a permanent solution that stops the emigration from the base areas, by offering jobs, habitation, and other services in addition to developing these areas.

The hydro-chemical changes in the marshes of the South of Iraq and its environmental effects.

Lect. Saffiya Shakir Ma; touq

Basra studies journal, Volume 15, Issue 1994, Pages 223-243

Environment studies have important part with in basic and applicable studies, because of the different interaction between human and Environment activities. People start to look at these interaction as an important problem effecting on them .Environment suffering to realize people and the increasing pressure on its sources raised big importance to can about environment and saing it.
Freh water regarded as one of the important principles to continuity of life for developing environment in general as it is limited source. Environment of marshes in the south of Iraq is an integral by its nature, people and sources ,and the importance of that in creating balance in the environment of this area. But still the processes of drying and continuous decreasing in water resource affect negatively on its.
limits and lowering of the Hydrogenous and chemical features and increasing of the percentage of salt in the Iraqi marshes .
The main problem of the current paper to study these changes and evaluating them to understand their effect in Environmental and economical part. It also show the effect of these changes in weather and decoy of agricultural life in the area.

The development of buying and local conservation procedures for a sample of industrial companies.

Lect. Dr. Abdel-Kareem Abdel-Raheem Ali

Basra studies journal, Volume 15, Issue 1994, Pages 244-278

This research is taking into consideration the presentation of purchasing and maintenance procedures that are dependent on some industrial companies in Basrah city. It also shows the managerial and legal gaps in those procedures especially those which connecting with purchasing the raw material and others. These material forming of more than %50 of production costs, beside the works of maintenance, and repairing machines and tools that there costs represent a great burden on companies profits.
Therefore , this research aimed to control the activities of local purchasing and maintenance for the purpose to put an and to the financial and managerial corruption besides the waste in financial and economic resources by purchasing some recommendations to develop the purchasing and maintenance procedures.

The use of some of the distinctive secured ways in diagnosis of heart diseases in Basrah

Asst. Lect. Durayd Hussein Badr

Basra studies journal, Volume 15, Issue 1994, Pages 279-309

In this research I've tired to find out to robust and efficient estimations mean vector (location parameter) and, variance covariance matrix (scull parameter) for linear and quadratic discriminant functions. And also attempting to provide the robust linear and quadratic discriminant functions in the case of existing outliers resents through using some of high quality robust methods estimation. of these methods are minimum covariance determinant estimator, reweighed minimum covariance determinant estimator and minimum volume ellipsoid estimator , moreover , comparing robust discriminant functions with classical discriminant functions to draw out the best discriminant function in order to diagnose two types of diagnosis diseases heart which are angina pectoris and clot hearty .

The reality of the agricultural sector in Basrah Governorate and its future visions.

Asst. Lect. Jawad Kadhim Hameed

Basra studies journal, Volume 15, Issue 1994, Pages 310-336

This search aimed to discus. The statas of the agriculture in Basrah city . It is a reading of for that sector. Reading for something based on the past activities of that thing , and on the recent to estimate its future . From this point or truth , The researcher tried to answer a bout all the questions such as ; what is the importance of Agriculture of in economic activity for Basrah? What are the most problem , and limitations which stand in front of this sector ?
Then the research is going to show the routes and practical solutions to develop agriculture in Basrah . To make it contribute in ettaining the equation of food scuring , and differ . The sources of national income.

The affection of chop and Copper fertilization in the growth and flowerage of Antirrhinum. plant.

Abbasi; Asst. Prof. Dr. Azhar Mahdi

Basra studies journal, Volume 15, Issue 1994, Pages 337-354

This study was conducted in the lath house belong to the Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture-Basrah University, during the winter season of 2001-2002.
The aim was to study the effect of pinching and copper fertilization on growth and flowering of snapdragons (Antirrhinum majus L.)
Three types of pinching treatment were used (no pinching, single pinching and double pinching) and copper was applied as hydrated copper sulfate (CuSO4.5H2O) in three levels (0, 2.5 and 5.0 mg Cu/Kg.)
Results presented that the main effect of pinching was significant in all vegetative and flowering indicators that studied except copper content in leaves, whereas , the main effect of copper application was significant in plant height, number of shoots and leaves, leaf area, chlorophyll content and copper content in leaves. It also resulted in a significant increase in number of flowers per spike, fresh weight of flower and percentage of flower dry matter. The interaction between the two studied parameters led to a significant increase in plant height, copper content in leaves and number of flower per spike only .