ISSN: 1994-4721

Volume 14, Issue 1994

Volume 14, Issue 1994, Autumn 2012, Page 1-290

Effect of cutting length and thickness on rooting of Geranium plant Pelargonium hortorum cuttings in Basrah City

Lecturer.Dr. Azhar Mahdi Al-Abbasi

Basra studies journal, Volume 14, Issue 1994, Pages 1-10

The study was conducted in a private nursery in Basrah city from 16/3 until 30/8/2011 to investigate the effect of three cutting lengths (8,10 and 12 cm) and three cutting thickness (6-8, 8-10 and 10-12 mm) on the rooting of tip shoots cuttings of geranium plant Pelargonium hortorum L.
Data were tabulated on rooting percentage, number of roots per cutting, average root length and dry matter of roots, in a factorial experiment designed with a Complete Randomized Design (CRD) with three replications, the first factor was cutting length and the second one was cutting thickness.
Results showed a significant increase in rooting percentage, number of roots per cutting, average root length and dry mater of root in the cuttings of 10 and 12 cm length, similar results were obtained from cuttings of 8-10 and 10-12 mm thickness.
The interaction between the two factors was found significant in rooting percentage (66.1%) in cuttings of 12 cm long and 10-12 mm thickness and number of roots per cutting (2.9) obtained from the same previous ones, while it was not significant in the other two indicators

The fact of Quranic Readings in the book of Saybawaih

Habib Abdullah Abdulnabi

Basra studies journal, Volume 14, Issue 1994, Pages 1-20

The Sebojh in his handling of the Holy Quran and readings they two Mtagaertan facts, The Koran is the Word, although frequency ofoof God on the chest of the Prophet Muhammad, necessities. The sebojh in his handling of the Holy Quran and readings they two Mtagaertan facts, The Koran is Word of God on the chest of the Prophet Muhammad, although frequency of necessities. The readings they represent Arab tribal Languages and dialects, What was he Weakening of this or that reading is a Weakening of the Arabic dialect or that reading came to San native speakers of the Arabs . The Collection of Quranic readings and Zbeaha and the Subsequent Provisions, it was after Sebojh, former Shall be Subjected to the Subsequent judgment.

Semantic origins for lexical material’s schemas in Al-Farahidi’s kitab Al-Ayn’’:comparative study with mqaees Al-luga”

Saad Waheed Issa

Basra studies journal, Volume 14, Issue 1994, Pages 21-34

Means research study pictures article linguistic per the significance multi aim of finding out semantic one Inslk where everyone This requires jurisprudence Titles lexical knowledge derived from other and figuratively of the real extent of the link between Tagged for this, the reasoning semantic and explain why the adoption of the meanings of the denominations here is to Amehad him in achieve this goal, as through all of this can be seen how closely different semantic images in the general sense, which governs the language as a whole.

Quranic Intertextuality in Ahmed Matar’s Poetry

Khaled Jaffal Lefta

Basra studies journal, Volume 14, Issue 1994, Pages 35-45

Varied currents and sects that have adopted the term cash (intertextuality), as there were many definitions and mechanisms of critic to last, and the doctrine of cash to last
And intertextuality mean, I mean, an interactive relationship or the bonds between the text and another, or between the text and other texts
The hair Ahmed Matar based on employment levels Tnasih different notably Altaalq associated with the Koran, as employed intertextuality to configure the irony and exciting surprise recipient, and brought his attention through the image adversity that surprised by the poet, making the receiver evokes's Quranic, and the image of the poet-made through drafted private, arises the paradox of contradiction images, something that makes us for a unique way to employ the Quranic text tool active and influential in the receiver.

Alienation in Ahmed Matar’sPoetry

taz Qusay Yassin; Asst.Lect.Mo

Basra studies journal, Volume 14, Issue 1994, Pages 46-69

Going research on the theme of alienation in the poetry of Ahmad Matar and the factors influencing Where, and whether his hair was able to rebel and characterized by originality and modernity and confrontation Do not retreat and escape to the self that reveals the ugly face of systems Corrupt ruling Arab, and sheds light on the Arab reality Deteriorating, and whether his hair was an effective tool in the struggle of the bombing of the most serious issues in the Battle of the Arab presence and the Arab-Zionist conflict.

Al-Baqillani and His Efforts in Rhetorics

Asst.Lect.Maysoon Ayoub Al-Hamdami

Basra studies journal, Volume 14, Issue 1994, Pages 70-95

Addressed in this research visual most of her life to defend the Koran Karim has taken Albaqlani in his defense of the kuran a variety of rhetorical styles. The research was divided tow sections, in the first section dealt with the emergence of the most important and Albaqlani Elders and contem poraries how studied under hands and the most important disciples who took the science of it, the most important works by the Albaqlani authoured .The second section was divided to four axis,addressed the first axis in his rhetoric in his book,trunks of the koranand took up his positionyn the second axis of theen hancements figurative speech, and in third axis dealt with the concept of systems when albaqlani ,and in the fourth axis dealt with term relationship sense when Albaqlani . the book shares a key role in defining the idea of miracle , and the development of the cocept and methods discussed are affected in each of the scientists who came after him from therhetoric and kuranstudies. The book shares a key role in the gensis of rhetoricalresearch and enrichment. The faces rhetorical when Albaqlaniis not already in the bottoms ,but with in the premise in that they support in building a high – style and system.

Abdul-Kadhim Ash- Shamkhani and his Economic, Political and Social Role

Asst. Prof. Dr.Talib Jassim Mohammed

Basra studies journal, Volume 14, Issue 1994, Pages 96-116

bdul-Kadhim Alhamkhana of Rabia clan of the thigh (Achammakhanh) Achammakhanh under the chairmanship of Sheikh AwadWhich is very Kazem.
Dealing Abdul-Kadhim in the purchase of agricultural land also had a prominent role in his position against the separation from the body of Basra Iraq during World War One.
Also had a distinct role through his activity in the main inspection Alihoh assumed supervising the conduct of the elections.
He also played a role in the Iraqi parties, which was founded in Basra as his role in defending the Palestinian issue through the establishment of the Society for Palestine
The printing press founded in 1921 in Basra poison Press Kadhimiya also became an active member of Rgerfah trade dates, which Nasest in Basra. He played a distinguished role in the Chamber of Commerce Talsst Basra in 1926

Abdullah bin Dawood Al-Kheribi Al- Basri (126- 213A.H)

Asst.Prof.DrJawad Kadhim Nasr Allah

Basra studies journal, Volume 14, Issue 1994, Pages 117-167

Al_Basra City have considered pioneer in emergence of schools of thought emerged to them . Abdulla Bin Dawed Al _ Khuribi including as to Khuraibeh attributed to one of district that day Basra .
He born in the city of Kufa year 126 A.H , he received his the primary education which left a student of science, then he moved to Mecca, Medina, Damascas,Askelan, Abadan and Basra which finally settled until his death in 213 AH .
He has studied by a number of scholars of his time in the various science of Hadith , Fiqh and Al_Jareh wall taadeel .

Ground water in Fao and its Environmental Effects

Pro.Dr.NameerNatheerAl- Khayatt

Basra studies journal, Volume 14, Issue 1994, Pages 168-192

The ground water movement was of two types . The first type is the down ward movement as the result of gravity during the rainfall season which cause desalinization ,dissolving and moving salts as solutes towards the bottom a matter which increase salt concentration in the ground water and increase electric conductivity on expense of decrease its concentration in the soil.
The second is represented by the upward movement of the ground water due to capillary fringes when the ground water reaches the critical depth in the dry season and this helps to transfer the ions as solutes toward the surface and to increase its concentration in the soil on expense of the white salt crust above the surface of the soil . This means dominance of the process of salinization during the dry season and desalinization during the rainfall season.

The Emergence of the city of Basrah and its Urban Development in the first A.H. century

Asst.Lect.Nadia Nouri Ali

Basra studies journal, Volume 14, Issue 1994, Pages 193-217

Rich in heritage books mention the Arab geographer and urban cities which Oamrha Arabs and settled in and expand the history books to explain many of the details of their plans and lives of the people in it. This is in addition to works of language, literature and philosophy in clarifying the meanings of names, implications. It was considered that this creativity and originality in the construction and Amran city of Basra and its components are made to the hands and thoughts of the people of the good and the wisdom of the caliphs and governors who lived in the countryside and lived the life of migration and the movement from time to time, and was built stems from the thought of a systematic yoke to draw away the lives of experienced people and enjoy Bavdalha and merit . This is revealed by the study on the realities of urban core in the scheme of the city and charge characteristics of all the contents of the city from the locality, houses, housing and alleys, shops and streets and markets and a mosque and a home for the Emirate, as well as in the selection of building materials to suit the climatic conditions prevailing at the time was not the reconstruction and construction haphazardly but was as plans caliph and ordered for the construction and reconstruction of the city and choose the site and the appropriate placement for the construction and reconstruction of the city in line and commensurate with the lives of people especially for the site of the Arabian Peninsula at that time and the content of the climatic conditions hot it was necessary to choose the appropriate location and then building and reconstruction

AStudy of human Development in basrah Province

Asst.Lect. Ali Tahib Shihab

Basra studies journal, Volume 14, Issue 1994, Pages 218-238

This study aims to shed light on the reality of human development in the province of Basra by reviewing the nature of human development and the most important indicators measured as well as the reality in Basra province, and ways to promote this fact, the study found a number of conclusions the most important fact of human development in Basra Medium human development suffer deterioration of human development indicators compared to the present in other provinces in Iraq as well as degradation for developing countries with medium human development

Analysis of trends in the housing crisis in the province of Basrah

al Nashoor; Asst.Lect. Elham Khaz

Basra studies journal, Volume 14, Issue 1994, Pages 239-263

The habitation Crisis is considered as the world's problem as well as the advanced and the outgrowth countries, this problem arises mostly in the outgrowth countries especially in Iraq because of the population increase which leads to un equivalence between the houses number and the need for them. The importance and the dimensions of this crisis is sharply increased especially in the last period, because of the absent planning and development in Iraq. So the study of this Crisis in Basra governorate considers an urgent necessity because it regards one of the main problems that faces the governorate which has to be handled or decreased. The habitation Crisis conceives the source for many of the economic and social problem, in addition, it stands as an obstruction in front of the individual freedom movement in life because of the intense pressures in family life crowded in houses. for, the research contains the study of the habitation Crisis in Basra governorate through the explanation of its concept and the diagnosis of its causes which leads to its evolution as well as the study of its directions to show the dimension of this crisis

The role of rail transport in the development of the province of Basra for the period (2004-2010)

Asst.Lect. Sonia Arzerouni Wartan

Basra studies journal, Volume 14, Issue 1994, Pages 264-290

The rail transport in the province of Basra essentially irreplaceable because of its significant role in economic development through revenue derived from the movement of goods and raw materials according to the six stations productivity especially for transport and the persons or passengers in three stations, service, not to mention the social role of in the smooth transition and communication and in creating a political unity, so the aim of the research is to examine the conceptual framework for rail transport and its role in the development of the province of Basra in economic, social and political, for the period (2004-2010).